Accuphase P-300

Stunning Accuphase P-300 Power Amplifier Repair

In this article, I look at a locally sold Accuphase P-300 power amplifier with some dodgy repairs and how I got her running properly again.

The Accuphase P-300 power amplifier is one of the most beautiful amps from the 1970s and one of the nicest-sounding. This one came to me with some serious issues and a very unhappy new owner. It was sold here in Perth, earlier in 2020, the seller having tried but failed to repair these issues and then hiding them. Let’s take a closer look at what went wrong here and how it could have been avoided.

UPDATE: Several other of my customers have contacted me since publishing this article. They told me that they also went and looked at this P-300 and that they also found something wasn’t right. Read on to find out why!

Accuphase P-300
What a beautiful amplifier, here she is after full repair and service!

Hi and my apologies for the lack of articles. To say I’ve been busy is understating it but that’s not a good enough excuse. Anyway, I’ll try to maintain the writing momentum! I didn’t take enough photos of this old girl, so I strongly suggest you view the companion video over on my YouTube channel:

Specifications

(Courtesy of HiFi Engine)

Power output: 150 watts per channel into 8Ω (stereo)
Frequency response: 20Hz to 20kHz
Total harmonic distortion: 0.1%
Damping factor: 60
Input sensitivity: 1V
Signal to noise ratio: 100dB
Speaker load impedance: 4Ω to 16Ω
Semiconductors: 73 x transistors, 1 x IC, 2 x thermistors
Dimensions: 445 x 152 x 355mm
Weight: 25kg

Features

The beautiful  Accuphase P-300 power amplifier was, and remains, a superb hi-fi amplifier. I won’t go into too much detail as I want to keep this mostly about the problems with this particular unit, but if you are looking for a super well-built, powerful and amazing sounding amplifier, the Accuphase P-300 should definitely be on your shortlist.

The P-300 is a stereo power amplifier with added functionality allowing its use as a two-source line-level system. The twin attenuators and front panel RCA inputs give great flexibility and allow the P-300 to form the basis of an awesome sounding no-preamp, line-level only setup.

There P-300 also has a great-sounding headphone socket, filters, twin analog power/VU meters, multi-voltage capability and superb build and sound quality. These features combine to make this a great long term prospect if you’re looking for that sort of thing.

Accuphase has more information about the P-300 over on their website.

Dodgy Sellers and Pre-Purchase Inspections

Firstly, someone commented over on the Liquid Audio Facebook that I don’t know the seller created these problems. Actually I do. He told my customer he did the work, said he was an ‘expert’ and repaired it himself! Talk about a smoking gun, I’d never have said it otherwise. Common sense is needed in situations like this, if in doubt, just ask me!

Anyway, shortly after purchase, my customer realised something wasn’t right with her new Accuphase P-300. Fed with a strong signal and with everything turned up to the max, the volume through headphones and speakers was so low as to be effectively useless. She’d trusted this seller, but lurking inside was some really dodgy work.

My customer went back to this guy but he hung up on her and then reported her to the police – nice! She took her P-300 to one of the last specialist hi-fi retailers in Perth who confirmed the problem and referred her to me.

I won’t mention the seller’s name, but he is an older European man, probably German, and not someone you want to deal with based on what my customer told me. Be warned, he sounds particularly nasty and shady to boot, and he sells a lot of hi-fi equipment here in Perth on Gumtree.

If you are in any doubt about pre-owned equipment you are considering purchasing, get a pre-purchase inspection. I inspect hi-fi equipment and save my customers money, pain and the regret one feels after purchasing something with problems.

Yes, this means spending a little money, but seriously, If my customer had brought this to me before buying it, she could have taken my report to the seller and asked for rectification, a big discount or passed on the sale.

Specific issues with this P-300:

  • Very low gain and resultant low output power
  • Broken front panel RCA input and filter switches
  • Bodged wiring attempt to bypass broken front panel switches
  • Quiescent current and DC symmetry way out of adjustment

Alright, so let’s get started. After testing, I dug in and found issues with the little black rotary switches under the front panel. Because I’ve been focused on repairs rather than writing, I didn’t get as many images as I would have liked, so watch the video which contains much more.

Accuphase P-300

Accuphase P-300
Don’t let the cute looks fool you, these are dense and awkward to move around, best left in position once you find one!
Accuphase P-300
Here’s a shot with the lid off, though this is a different P-300 I worked on last year, in better condition. Note the two huge 40,000uF filter capacitors, these have leaked in the unit in this article, massive mains transformer and standard Accuphase shielding and modular construction.
Accuphase P-300
Here’s where most of the trouble lies. The switch to control front or rear panel signal input was broken, probably by the previous owner when they forced it. These switches get stuck, but there are techniques to safely un-jam them. In this case, they didn’t use those techniques… In an attempt to work around this, they removed the wiring from the switch and effectively killed the amplifier by shorting the input signal grounds together at a random point and therefore partially breaking the circuit to the attenuators.
Accuphase P-300
Briefly, the signal ground is disconnected where the red heat-shrunk wires are left floating. They shorted the signal grounds together on the input side but left them floating on the attenuator side. This has to be repaired and the factory wiring re-joined so we can troubleshoot any remaining issues.
Accuphase P-300
This P-300 bottom panel has been expertly cleaned, not by me, to remove evidence of the corrosive main filter capacitor electrolyte that spewed from the capacitor vents, at some point in the past. This amp needs new filter capacitors and I’ve discussed this with her current owner.

Repairs

The first thing I did is to repair the signal path by rejoining the left and right signal wiring from the rear RCA connectors to the attenuators and fixing the floating/joined signal return issues.

Accuphase P-300
Here I’m testing my wiring changes prior to wrapping everything up.
Accuphase P-300
And here I’ve tidied this up, rejoined the rear inputs to the attenuators and restored the single path. I wrapped and cable tied it all, one critical issue resolved.

This repair revealed one significant residual issue though. The front panel filter switch (also under the black flap) was also broken because it too had been forced. Even though the signal now comes to the filter switch, as it is meant to, it stops there, because the switch contacts are broken. This is the real issue that the previous owner couldn’t fix.

I studied the schematic and worked out how to bypass the filter switch in a way that maintains signal integrity and probably improves performance. I installed links bypassing this broken switch, tested the amplifier and found that it now worked perfectly.

Accuphase P-300
Here is one of these bypass links.

Final Adjustments

So, with signal integrity, attenuators and the correct gain and performance restored, I focussed on some adjustments. This amplifier was supposedly worked on previously by an expert, but there were issues here too.

The quiescent current (bias current) adjustments were out, nearly twice what they should be in one channel. I rectified that and the DC asymmetry that resulted in around 200mV of DC at the speaker terminals. These changes alone will significantly improve performance.

Accuphase P-300
Checking and adjusting quiescent current and DC symmetry.
Accuphase P-300
All done!

To Repair or Replace..?

“Mike, should I repair my old Accuphase P-300 or just replace it with a new power amplifier?”

The answer really depends on how much you value the sound, engineering and classic hi-fi goodness you get with a beast like this.

To replace an amplifier like the P-300 you’d need to drop around $14K AUD on an Accuphase P-4500, or $13K AUD on a Yamaha M-5000. The M-5000 certainly looks pretty and I’ll bet it sounds good. The P-4500 looks even better, weighs more, but neither is as powerful as the P-300 and you’ll be very surprised at just how good a well-sorted P-300 sounds.

You’ll pick up a P-300 for anywhere from $1500 – $2500 AUD, depending on condition, service history and so on. Sure, you’ll need to spend some money having it overhauled or restored, but you’ll still be miles ahead price-wise and I suspect the P-300 will be more collectible.

Accuphase P-300
Let’s take a last look at this stunning amplifier, now repaired, serviced and running correctly.

Final Words

This Accuphase P-300 now looks as good as it sounds and I’m happy to say that the repair was very affordable. Her owner is happy now but it’s worth noting that her pain could have been avoided, had the seller recognised he couldn’t repair the amplifier and taken it to someone who could. He could then have sold it with a clear conscience to a happy new owner.

Cases like this often end up in the Hall of Shame. People working on electronics either fail to recognise their limitations and ask for help or worse still, deliberately behave maliciously. In this case, I suspect it’s the latter, based on other stories I’ve heard about the seller.

A final word to the seller. If you are reading this and feel victimised, don’t. Remember, you caused this problem, your actions and lack of ethics are to blame. 

Anyway, if you’d like me to look at your Accuphase P-300 or any other amplifier for that matter, please get in touch!

Accuphase P-300

Accuphase P-300

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